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Hypertension is an important risk factor for:

  • stroke:
    • both systolic and diastolic hypertension cause stroke
    • systolic hypertension is most closely linked to stroke
    • systolic hypertension:
      • doubles the risk of stroke in women
      • quadruples the risk of stroke in men

  • ischaemic heart disease

  • left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiac failure

Last reviewed 01/2018