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Clinical features

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

The most common features at presentation are:

  • abdominal mass - palpable in 80% of patients, the mass is lateral and nodular and may be visible on inspection
  • abdominal pain in 30% of patients - usually vague and poorly defined
  • haematuria in 25% of patients, usually microscopic

Metastases are present in 20%. They mostly affect the liver and lungs, and occasionally, bone.

General symptoms are commonly anorexia, weight loss, fever and anaemia.

Paraneoplastic syndromes are rare. They may cause hypertension or erythrocytosis.


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The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

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