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Risk factors for development of gestational diabetes

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

  • healthcare professionals should be aware that the following have been shown to be independent risk factors for gestational diabetes:
    • body mass index above 30 kg/m2
    • previous macrosomic baby weighing 4.5 kg or above
    • previous gestational diabetes
    • family history of diabetes (first-degree relative with diabetes)
    • family origin with a high prevalence of diabetes: -
      • South Asian (specifically women whose country of family origin is India, Pakistan or Bangladesh) - black Caribbean - Middle Eastern (specifically women whose country of family origin is Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon or Egypt)


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