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MSH receptor mutations cause familial obesity

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

4% of patients with familial obesity have mutations in the melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) receptor Mc4r.

MSH is an important neurotransmitter in the pathway by which leptin regulates body weight.


  • 1) Farooqi, IS, Yeo, GS, et al. Dominant and recessive inheritance of morbid obesity associated with melanocortin 4 receptor deficiency. J Clin Invest, 2000, 106, 271-79.

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