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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Today, of the 80% of low birth weight infants that survive, roughly 7% are handicapped, with the following abnormalities seen:

  • cerebral palsy
  • sensory neural hearing loss
  • IQ of less than 70 (intelligence is rarely purely reduced)
  • delayed visual maturation, with retinopathy of the newborn
  • multiple minor disorders

Less obvious complications include psychosocial morbidity, including maltreatment and failure to bond.

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