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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Androgens are used for:

  • replacement therapy in:
    • hypogonadism
    • hypopituitarism
  • anaemia refractory to first-line treatments; androgens stimulate erythropoiesis
  • breast cancer that is oestrogen- or progestogen-receptor postive; androgens may downgrade receptor expression
  • as anabolic agents:
    • occasionally used in cancer and osteoporosis
    • often abused by 'body builders' and athletes

Anti-androgens are used in the treatment of:

  • prostate carcinoma
  • precocious puberty
  • masculinization in females

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