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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team


  • full blood count, particularly platelets
  • clotting, particularly the INR
    • if the INR is greater than 1.5, give fresh frozen plasma
  • creatinine and electrolytes
  • liver function tests


  • intravenous access
  • consent
  • prophylactic antibiotics, e.g. augmentin 1 hr pre-op.

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