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Drugs causing gingival hyperplasia

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Gum hypertrophy may be caused by various drugs including:

  • phenytoin
  • nifedipine
  • cyclosporin
  • oral contraceptive with high oestrogen concentration - now uncommon

Other causes of gum hypertrophy include:

  • scurvy
  • pregnancy
  • gingivitis
  • acute leukaemia - typically acute myeloid leukaemia

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