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Other investigations and when these are indicated

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

  • if concerns are raised following an appropriate history, physical examination and 12 lead ECG, further evaluation is necessary
    • this can include exercise tolerance testing (ETT), echocardiography, ambulatory Holter monitoring and other investigations when indicated
    • cardiologists and sports physicians are increasingly involved in the care of patients requiring specialist input.


  • Dr Andrew Murray, Dr Duncan Goodall
    • Marathon Medical Services
  • Prof Hillis
    • Professor of Cardiology and Exercise Medicine, University of Glasgow

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