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Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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This is a distinctive form of self-limited thyroiditis noted for painful enlargement of the thyroid gland in association with fever and hyperthyroidism. It most commonly affects people in the second to fifth decade, with a female predominance of 3:1. The condition is widely believed to be triggered by a virus infection - mumps, influenza, Coxsackie, adenovirus or ECHO.

Characteristically, levels of T3 and T4 are increased but the uptake of radioactive iodine is low or absent.

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