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Obstructive sleep apnoea in children

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Sleep disordered breathing in children form a spectrum of conditions ranging from primary snoring through to obstructive apnoea (1).

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a condition with prolonged partial obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction of the upper airway that adversely affects ventilation during sleep resulting in an interruption of normal sleep patterns (1)

  • it can be due to either an anatomical obstruction in the pharyngeal airway or a reduction of pharyngeal muscle tone, or a combination of both

OSA in children differs from adult OSA since it has completely different clinical features and requires different management strategies (1)

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