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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy
The cause of iron deficiency should be clearly established and any underlying cause should be corrected in order to prevent further iron loss (1).
The main aim of iron therapy is to restore haemoglobin concentration and red cell indices to normal and to replenish iron stores (1).
Iron deficiency can usually be treated by oral iron supplements. Advising the patient on foods rich in iron may suffice although patients are often prescribed iron.
Intravenous iron therapy (2):
Blood transfusion is usually considered for patients with symptomatic anaemia despite iron therapy or at risk of cardiovascular instability because of their degree of anaemia. The aim transfusion should be to restore haemoglobin to a safe level (not necessarily to normal levels) and then follow it up with iron treatment to replenish stores (1).