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Clinical features

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

  • mean age of patients with thymomas is 50 years; rare in children where they are associated with a poor prognosis
  • males and females equally affected
  • radiographic mass - most common in anterosuperior mediastinum
  • variable clinical presentation dependent upon the aggressiveness of the lesion. Basic patterns include:
    • asymptomatic
    • features attributable to local pressure effects e.g. cough, dyspnoea, dysphagia and superior venal caval obstruction
    • associated systemic disorders (see associated conditions)

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