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Examination of the eyes

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Examination of the eyes may reveal:

  • yellow sclerae suggests jaundice, possibly due to:
    • hepatic engorgement due to cardiac failure
    • haemolysis over prosthetic heart valves
  • xanthelasma are intracutaneous deposits of cholesterol which may be a normal finding or may be a sign of type II or III hyperlipidaemia
  • conjunctival pallor suggests anaemia (1)


  1. Tally N, O'Connor S. Clinical Examination. Blackwell Scientific Publications.

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