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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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The common causes of cardiac tamponade are bleeding and effusion:

Pericardial haemorrhage may be due to:

  • trauma
  • aortic dissection
  • surgery
  • perforation of a coronary artery during angiography

Pericardial effusions which are large enough to cause tamponade are usually due to malignant disease; other causes of a pericardial effusions rarely cause tamponade.

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