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Acute aortic syndrome

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Acute aortic syndrome

Acute aortic syndrome is an umbrella term consisting of 3 interrelated conditions with similar clinical characteristics

  • aortic dissection
  • intramural haematoma
  • symptomatic aortic ulcer (1)

European Society of Cardiologists' have classified of acute aortic syndrome into:

  • type 1 - classic dissection with true and false lumens separated by the dissecting membranes
  • type 2 - intramural haematoma
  • type 3 - discrete dissection with a bulge at the tear site but no haematoma
  • type 4 - penetrating aortic ulcer
  • type 5 - traumatic or iatrogenic dissection (1)


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